The course involves a systematic but not exhaustive review of the major theories of architecture. It situates them chronologically, from late 19th century to the present. The course identifies recurring theoretical questions and possible causes for their recurrence. It also identifies more ephemeral questions and looks at their conditions of emergence and disappearance. The course puts theoretical elements into confrontation with concrete examples. Notions like Iconic architecture, Utopia, Industrial City...etc. will be raised and discussed.

The objective for this course is to give students a deeper understanding of how architectural theory have been formulated in relation to the development of modern society in the 20th century, and to train them in independent critical reflection about the conditions for architecture.

After completing this course, students should be able to:

· describe the development of architecture in relation to the emergence of modern society;

· discuss, analyze, and contextualize individual buildings and texts from the twentieth century;

· explain the theoretical and practical development of architecture during the twentieth century; and

· discuss and independently reflect on the concept of modernity and its importance for the built environment.